All pond owners would want to keep their ponds healthy. By healthy means both animal and plant life present in their ponds must continue to thrive in optimal condition. Plants and animals in ponds need oxygen to survive. Water in itself can provide this by natural means, but the amount of oxygen in it may not be able to supply the needs of the growing marine life present in the pond, thus, pond owners have to resort to using artificial methods to supplement the needed oxygen demand.
To trigger this action, pond owners first have to determine whether their pond is low in oxygen. This can be done through test methods that will show in quantifiable ways how much oxygen is present in the pond. However, there is another way to do this and that is by merely observing the condition of the fishes in the pond. When oxygen levels become low, fishes will start to become weak and their immune system may also be compromised. This can result to their slow growth, or in worse conditions, to death.
Types of Pond Aerators
-Bottom Pond Aerators
Bottom pond aerators make use of diffusers to introduce oxygen into the pond or lake. The entire unit comprises of a compressor, the tubing that runs from the compressor to the diffuser, and finally the diffuser. The compressor pushes the air to the diffuser, which diffuses the air into thousands of tiny air bubbles. The action not only introduces oxygen to the pond water, but also pushes the bottom water to the surface in order to release any toxic gasses that have accumulated in the bottom. Once the bottom water reaches the surface, it also mixes with surface air, thus allowing the absorption of more oxygen. Using bottom pond aerators is much preferred by owners since it targets the area of the pond that is least oxygenated. It also produces less noise, thus, does not cause any nuisance to people living nearby.
-Surface Pond Aerators
Learning how to build a solar pond aerator is ideal for ponds that are remote and have no access to electricity. These aerators are placed on the surface of the pond with the main purpose of increasing water movement so that it can combine with the air and dissolve oxygen from it. Fountains, waterfalls, and agitators are common examples of surface aerators. Of the three, waterfalls are the most popular because of the positive aesthetic effect it adds to the pond. Others may see it as an ornament to make the pond look inviting, but it in fact improves the oxygen concentration in the water.
Fountains work by pumping water into its head and throwing it back to the air. This is also adds beauty to the pond, especially if you choose a fountainhead that creates patterns as it dispenses water. Agitators, on the other hand, use propellers that churn and break the water, allowing oxygen from the air to be absorbed into the pond water. Surface pond aerators are very easy to install, but like bottom aerators, you do need an energy source to operate them.
Benefits That You Will Get from Aerating Your Pond
For any pond owner, it would be satisfying to see your pond healthy. Aside from the personal satisfaction, it feels good to know that the marine life in your pond is living in ideal conditions.
First, you can eliminate the death of fish. With enough oxygen to survive and nourish them, fishes become less stressed and they become healthier. You can start to see your fishes growing rapidly and see your investment multiply.
Second, pond aeration will nourish the aerobic bacteria in your pond. These bacteria are in charge of keeping your pond clean because they hasten the decomposition of dead organisms that settle at the bottom of the pond. Without these bacteria, your pond water will discolor and bad odor will start to emanate from it due to the anaerobic decomposition of organic matter.
Third, it can control and prevent algal blooms. Low oxygen levels promote the release of phosphate from the sediments. This phosphate encourages the growth of algae that could become uncontrollable and cover your entire pond. Sufficient oxygen level can prevent this and also nourishes the bacteria that will compete with the algae in making use of the nutrients available in the pond.
When choosing the right pond aerator, make sure to contract the services of a reliable company that will give you intelligent and informed designs. Check their reliability, reputation, and quality of service by reading reviews and consulting the Better Business Bureau.